Black & White Reel to Reel (open reel) Video Recorders.
1965. The Sony CV-2000 / TCV-2010. The worlds 1st domestic video recorder.
Wherever you go or whoever you ask, the Sony CV-2000 is proclaimed as the first domestic video recorder.
To be a little more specific, it is the first domestic video recorder that uses the more compact 1/2-inch
tape systems. Earlier attempts at a domestic recorder used the 1-inch format and were much larger and heavier.
This unit was similar in size to the audio reel to reel machines of the day. It was available in 4 versions.
The CV-2000D with a wood surround, The CV-2000 in a grey case with lid for greater protection and portability.
The TCV-2010 (here) which was a larger unit containing a CV-2000 and a 9-inch monitor that tilted upwards
and a TCV-2020 (below) which also used a larger case, in wood, with monitor but also included a timer.
We are delighted to have a TCV-2010 and a TCV-2020 (see below).
It is probable that the CV-2000 and TCV-2020 found their way into schools and colleges as they were
in stronger cases for storing and deploying regularly whereas the wood surround units are likely to
remain stationary in a domestic setting. That being said some grey cabinet units would find
themelves in the home as in those days "getting out the tape recorder to use it" was a common
activity. In contrast today home entertainment systems tend to be permanently in the living room.
The CV-2000 was made in small numbers and is quite rare. These are probably the most important video recorders
in the museum. There is a fair amount of information about the CV-2000 on the Internet but few museums actually
have one. We are very pleased to finally have two of these units from 1965. There are also some interesting
brochures and manuals (below).
The Sony CVC-2000 camera on our vintage video cameras page
is the camera that was
supplied with the CV-2000 video recorder making a complete set of equipment.
1965. The Sony CV-2000D / TCV-2020. The worlds 1st domestic video recorder.
The fully domestic version of the CV-2000 was the CV-2000D which was in a wooden case.
The fully domestic version of the TCV-2010 was the TCV-2020 which was also in a wooden case
and included an analogue timer clock. If we are to assume that domestic recorders used
1/2-inch tape, were in wood cabinets, then this is indeed the first ever domestic VTR. If we
are also to agree that a domestic VTR (video tape recorder) must also include a recording
timer to be a true domestic recorder, then the TCV-2020 also fits that description perfectly.
This Sony VTR, the TCV-2020, is therefore a very important, historic unit from 1965.
The price tage below was found in the tcv-2020 under the TV. It shows a price of $1150.00 was paid.
The unit sold for around $1400.00 dollars in 1965 including the CVC-2000 camera.
Whether this unit was purchased with the camera is not known.
1965. Sony Videocorder Adverts.
Including the TCV-2010 Videocorder, The TCV-2020 Videocorder and the CVC-2000 camera.
1965. The Sony CV-2000 with VCC-2000 camera kit and monitor.
In the pictures below you can see a stand-alone CV-2000 video recorder, the cvc-2000 camera, which part of
the complete vcc-2000 camera kit with extra lenses, connection leads and the cvm-306bp monitor.
1965. The Sony CV-2000 / CV-2000D owners manual.
1964 The Philips EL3400 VTR.
The first ever, 1-inch reel to reel tape, stand-alone domestic video recorder.
We do now have two of these in the museum, The Philips EL3400 and the Peto Scott clone (see below).
405 lines black and white. Weight 45Kg. 21 valves (tubes). Helical scan recorder.
Philips marketing pictures are shown above.
If anyone knows the make and model of the Philips TV next to the EL3400 in the picture, please let
us know. We can then start looking for one. Maybe we can have a table made to the same design ...
then we need some red carpet, some blinds, a plant pot .... maybe this picture could be re-created?
Update May 2011 - See the Philips 23TX381A TV below. The picture on the manual takes a step closer.
The EL3400 is having some restoration work done to it and so new pictures will be included in a few weeks.
Several manuals are also in the collection from Nov. 1964 and Jan 1965.
The pictures below show the back removed on the left and the bottom removed on the right.
1964. The Peto Scott E2770
1-inch reel to reel video tape recorder. The first ever stand-alone domestic video recorder.
We are very pleased to have both versions of the Philips EL3400 in the museum.
This one was supplied to Pete Scott and was clearly the Peto Scott
clone of the Philips unit. The Peto Scott version was primarily aimed at education and found itself
mainly in schools and colleges. It was not exactly the same as the EL3400 as the sockets on the front
and back were different. For example the DIN socket on the front was replaced by a 1/4 inch jack.
This was inline with educational requirements for a type of common connector widely used in schools.
In contains 21 valves (tubes) and weighs 45Kg. Best if 2 people carry it!
1963. The Philips 23TX381A TV next
to the EL 3400 on the front of the
VTR owners manual.
At last we have this old black and white TV in the museum from 1963 and 1964. The plan is to try to reproduce the picture
on the front of the VTR manual showing the EL3400 alongside the 23TX381A TV, on a table, on red carpet,
with blinds behind (and a plant?).
This is a dual standard 405/VHS - 625/UHF table model containing 23 valves (tubes) and a A59-11W 23" cathode ray tube.
There was also a 23TX400A that looked identical to the 23TX381A. This 23TX381A is in excellent condition.
The Philips 23TX381A 23" TV was introduced in 1963 and was also sold through 1964.
More pictures and notes soon.
Philips TVs from the same era (1964/5).
Another Philips EL3400.
We now have a second Philips EL3400 in the museum. See above.
1965. The Ampex VR 5003 VTR
We believe this to be the first Ampex 1-inch tape video recorder.
Profession 1-inch reel to reel video tape recorder (VTR).
The VR 5003 was the international version of the Ampex 5000 (US version).
Ampex was founded in 1944 and incorporated in Califirnia in 1946. In 1947 they introduced their
first audio tape recorder - the model 200A. In 1956 they introduce their first (reel to reel) video
tape recorder - the VR 1000. This was a quadruplex VTR. It was the first production VTR ever sold
(as opposed to earlier prototypes). It was a large floor standing unit on wheels and cost $50,000
The VR 5003 (& 5000) here from 1965 was called a "portable VTR!"
One person could carry it with a little effort. Build quality was very high.
Ampex are still in business today.
1970 - The Sony AV-3400 Portapack
The second portable reel to reel video recorder.
including leather case camera & power supply. It was the first portable that could
record AND play back video. Included is the AV-3420CE reel to reel video, the
AC–3420CE power supply and the AVC–3240CE EIAJ B/W camera.
The AV-3400 was the most mass produced successful “Portapack” system ever sold.
1969 - The Akai VT-100 VTR. 1st ever 1/4" reel to reel video.
This is a very interesting VTR and camera kit from 1969. It unusually uses 1/4-inch tape. Remember 1.4-inch
tape was normally used for audio tape recorders. This makes a lighter compact unit. The problem is, 1/4-inch
tape may not produce as good a picture as 1/2-inch tape and so the system did not progress any further. Even
the domestic video cassette recorders which started in 1972 used 1/2-inch tape. However, one company in 1980
made a 1/4-inch video cassette recorder and that was the Technicolor 212
. Again it was not a popular system
and did not progress any further. This kit comes complete with the VC-100
camera and camera power supply.
The VT-100 was the first ever 1/4 inch video tape portable VTR. It was the lightest portable recorder of
that era and as such was the lightest reel to reel portable ever made.
1968 - Philips LDL1002 1/2" domestic videotape
reel to reel recorder
This unit was marketed by Philips as a domestic video recorder and it was sold in relatively
large numbers. It could be considered as a very early mass produced domestic
video recorder although clearly three years later than the Sony CV2000.
It used 1/2 inch reels and the unit was no larger than audio tape recorders from that time.
(It is compact at 43.5cm wide by 36cm deep by 19cm high)
Philips marketing brochures were very definitely aimed at the domestic consumer.
The unit is remarkably light. Indeed it is even lighter than many audio reel to reel
recorders of that time at only 13.55Kg.It is also very aesthetically attractive.
It was housed in an attractive wood appearance case to match a domestic setting.
1968 - Philips EL3402 1" videotape
reel to reel recorder
We are delighted to have examples of 1-inch reel to reel video recorders in the museum. Designed for
high quality recordings of master tapes, these units are heavy. This one from 1968 was derived from
the earlier Philips EL3400
of 1963. However 5 years later, this is a much more advanced and "compact"
unit. In fact, although it is heavy, it is not much different in overall size to 1/2 inch units of the time.
This unit was donated in 2006
National NV 3030 E1 reel to reel video recorder.
It is important to have a National Panasonic black and white reel to reel video tape recorder
in the museum as this company played a major part in early video development.
1972. Shibaden SV- 610E reel to reel video recorder.
The September 1972 edition of "Studio Sound" magazine contains a Shibaden advert which announces the "This new
SHIBADEN video tape recorder" and "is the black and white version of the successful SV-620
colour video tape
recorder". Finding adverts like this helps date the product. Shibaden VTRs were used in schools and colleges
in the UK through the 1970s. I was working in education at the time and I remember seeing them. Eventually
they were replaced with video cassette recorders. The advert goes on to say "This unit is specifically
designed to record and play back OF - THE - AIR TV programs supplied from a Shibaden TU series
receiver / monitor as well as CCTV camera signals".
A JVC video shoulder cart in it's original box. See below.
Due to the weight of VTRs this is what was needed.
Video History. "Time" magazine 1954
Go to the colour reel to reel video page
A pair of Shibaden SV-620 E Color EIAJ VTR video recorders 1/2 PAL reel video recorders.
JVC PORTABLE VIDEO TAPE RECORDER PV-4800E / PV4800E. This was the last reel to reel portable
ever made but it is arguably the first COLOUR domestic portable reel to reel recorder. Indeed it is
arguably the first COLOUR domestic portable recorder whether reel to reel or cassette.
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